AI Brainstorm Creator

   Welcome to AI  Brainstorm Creator.  ABC utilizes the latest insights in Artificial Intelligence AND Human Intelligence to optimize your well-being and impact on the planet and society.  Such is the power of modern Generative AI in helping to maximize the advantages of these two types of intelligence, that you may well feel the stirring of an entirely different way of looking at life within 15 or 20 minutes of reading this.  If you don't, feel free to write and tell us why at  We learn a lot about how to improve from these messages.

   Key to the program is the claim that what you call 'You' is actually a collection of disparate Selves. There is no need to believe this or accept it without evidence; you will see what we mean as we proceed.

   An easy way to understand how your separate Selves work is to imagine that you are devoted to improving your physical fitness.  You join a gym, hire a trainer, and get up early to work out.

   But imagine that you also love eating desserts.  You find it hard to resist cakes, pies, and ice cream.  That's what indirectly led you to consider working out.

  Both selves are 'You', but each concerns itself with a different set of memories to bolster its beliefs, a different group of heroes or mentors it admires, different feeling-states, and even different ways of thinking.  The 'you' that is drawn into a bakery by the smell of fresh pastry is markedly different than the 'you' that gets up early to run a marathon.  Both are the same 'you'-- your 37 trillion cells didn't change when you 'changed' from one to the other--  but FUNCTIONALLY it's almost like you are two different people.

  The same is true of this cat.  It's exactly the same animal in both pictures, but in one the cat is angry, and in the other one peaceful.  Just as we'd be justified in treating the cat entirely differently when it's upset compared to when it's calm, so we can also treat our various personal selves according to their individual perspectives and needs.

   This is NOT the way Society normally sees its members.  It is assumed that there is an averaging mechanism mixing up all your disparate parts, so that you can be treated all the time as a unified whole.

  But there may be distinct advantages to considering each of your separate selves as its own semi-independent entity.

  In the AI Brainstorm Creator world, you have 6 or 8 or 10 basic 'Selves' that are common to most humans. You also have selves that are unique to you.  Developing, refining, and sharing both can lead to a life that is more adventurous, awe-inspiring, and gratifying than you may have thought possible.

  Very soon you will learn to detect when your system is ready to stop embodying one self and to become another.

The essence of AI Brainstorm Creator might be expressed like this:  Several times a day you embody several different 'Selves'.  If you recognize this and fulfill each one exactly the way it prefers to be fulfilled, your life improves, and there is no upper limit to the potential improvement.

  Each self is capable of having a peak body-mind experience at any time unique to its own character. When we describe these from an emotional context, we call them 'Inspirations'; when we describe them from a cognitive viewpoint we call them 'Brainstorms'.

  Thanks to modern AI and social media you can experience as many of these as you want.  Interestingly, doing so both bonds you with the larger society, and at the same time accentuates your own uniqueness.

In practice, the way things happen is that once you are very clear about the needs of your different selves, you will naturally scan through the list a few times a day to find which wants to be heard and attended to.

Here's how it works:  we will start by describing 6 basic Selves, which most people embody. (There are many more, and you will discover new ones unique to yourself, but these basic 6 will make the concepts clear so that you can experiment further.)

  First, with each Self we will present pictures that epitomize the essence of that self's emotional impact.  You may find that we use what would normally be considered too many pictures to prove the point. The reason is that while your logical mind, or your prefrontal cortex, may agree with the THEORY that we should experience all these Inspirations every day, we want to immerse the feeling center of your right brain with each particular emotion.  This will make more sense as you proceed.  Our goal is that by the time you finish reading this web page, you will think it quite worth considering whether you have a "Recommended Daily Allowance" for each of these grand emotions.

Second, we will tell a generic origin story that represents a typical way humans have traditionally met the needs of that particular Self.

Third, we will provide a protocol for achieving fulfillment for that Self as efficiently as possible.  Though there are a myriad of ways to do this, we will present recipes that have seemed to work best over the last four years.

  At the beginning, the AIs, cellphone apps, programs, and social media sites we recommend can help refine each Self to its maximum potential.  But after a while, you will internalize the processes.  You will be able to scan expertly through your roster of Selves  several times a day to see which needs attention, just as when you are driving you almost unconsciously stay aware of your fuel level, direction of travel, radio station,  and car's interior temperature without much conscious attention.

The particular Inspirations we will use for examples are:  Awe, Gratitude, Laughter, Heroism, Experimentation, and Group AI Thought Experiments.  Experiencing each of these to the fullest every day, and sharing  the experience with others, is our goal.

Modern Generative AI and social media tools make this possible.

The Inspirations strengthen and reinforce each other, as you will see.

There are requirements for each Inspirational or Brainstorming experience  which maximize their benefit:

Each must have a basis in a 2 million year long trajectory, going back to our early hominid ancestors and continuing through pre-history, history, and up to the present moment.

Each must be sharable daily with potential thousands through social media in ways that are compelling and fun.

Each must have not only an effect on an individual person, but also potentially on Humanity as a collective.

 Each must be easy to slip in and out of, through daily 'scanning'.

 Though initiated at first by apps, software, and offline experiences, each must eventually become part of one's psychological makeup, and therefore immediately accessible without requiring extra time away from one's daily activities. 


   Experiencing Awe, Wonder, and Amazement regularly makes our lives extraordinary.

Traditionally Awe is seen as something that happens haphazardly, beyond our control, or only in special circumstances.   You turn the corner on a hike and are overwhelmed by a dazzling sunset that takes up the whole sky.   You gaze into the tiny face of your newborn.  You feel at one with the elements as you skydive for the first time.

  But we can cultivate Awe to make sure it happens regularly.  The secret, as with so many of these Selves, is to ask OTHERS what fills them with wonder, and then share your experiences.  Just as the student masters a subject by teahing it to others, so the seeker of Wonder insures its continual presence by asking others about their experiences. You can do this at our Pinterest Group Board,  Use the comments to build relationships with others who love this feeling. As with the other Inspirations (Brainstorms, Selves) if you use social media assiduously you will soon be sharing your sense of Awe with a hand-selected group from around the world who vibrate with exactly your kind of amazement.

  To begin, you can go to and watch the endlessly scrolling journey through an enchanted forest. Follow up by visiting and Tell us which particular section of the journey you find most compelling; email your result to

  Then go to, a site which features 98 webcams displaying the behaviors of live wildlife from all over the world, including polar bears, puffins, gorillas, ospreys, honeybees, bats, hummingbirds, and jellyfish.  As you scroll through the webcam views, choose a handful to monitor once in a while.  See them as your permanently available Awe-inducing family.  One of our researchers checks in on 11 pairs of animals who are breeding. She reports "This is one way to make the experience of Wonder readily available at any time, without requiring me to go anywhere or buy anything. I can check in on Mommy and Daddy Eagle or the other parents when I want to and have time. It allows me to take Awe SERIOUSLY, as something that is a necessary component of my life, without having to take time away from other things."


   "Laughter is the best medicine"  say many cultures, and modern research seems to confirm its many benefits.

  We need a way to maximize the effect of laughter without relying on humor, since no one finds the same things funny.

The most reliable way we've found to do this is through Laughter Yoga (, because it relies on the contagious nature of laughing itself to infect everyone, rather than on jokes.

Laughter Yoga was founded by cardiologist Dr. Madan Kataria, and in recent years has spread throughout the world.

AI Brainstorm Creator connects with it through Laughter Clubs, of which there are 198 around the world.  Some use Zoom, others Skype, others are held in person, or both offline and online. You can find the current list at

Our current research involves sampling as many different laughter clubs as possible online. We find amazing benefits from joining in with clubs from as many countries as possible.   Just as different countries speak different languages, so their laughing styles, and the emotions they engender, are different.

  Though it would be absurd to 'rank' laughter clubs, here are some that have really perfected the Laughter Yoga experience to an unparallelled degree.  All can be accessed on the website. Please sample as many as you can. Tell us what you find by writing

Combining Laughter and Awe regularly provides a powerful boost to your affectual well-being.

Johor Baru Happy and Joyous Club (Malaysia)

Hong Kong Re-charge Laughing Club (China)

Yoga Speaks Volumes  (Los Angeles)

Albirisa Mundial   (Valencia, Spain)

Mosaick Laughter Circle (Singapore)

Rajdanga Laughing Club (Kolkota, India)

Yoga du Rire avec Nathalie  (France)

Laugh in Pontcanna  (Cardiff, Wales)

Bekhand O Bkhandaan (Tehran, Iran)

Village Hum Caboolture Laughter Club (Australia)

Lunch Break Laughter (Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania)

Laugherzoom (Zaanstad, Netherlands)

Smieskys Dari Laughter Club (Bratislava, Slovakia)

Sukanta Laughing Club (Bengal, India)

Ho Ba Mau (Hanoi, Vietnam)

Communidade Rir sem Fronteiras (Brazil)

Hakuna Matata (Krakow, Poland)

Laughter with Mary (Bucharest, Romania)


  Gratitude has become quite popular in the self-help community, but there are ways to make it a much more important part of your life.

   One thing you'll notice if you take gratitude seriously is that the experience is much more valuable and long lasting if you center your practice around asking OTHERS what they are grateful for, and if there is a never-ending supply of such others.

  Social Media groups are great for this, especially Facebook. We have made dozens of deep, long-lasting friendships through these groups.  The key is to engage with people sincerely and ask soul-searching questions which allow gratitude to serve as a portal to deeper connection.  Doing so means that celebrating gratitude never becomes boring, because there are always new people with new stories and fresh insights coming along.  It's helpful to adopt the attitude "I'm not just exchanging a few opinions with random strangers.  I'm building long-term profound friendships with people from all over the world, and exploring new ways to enhance Gratitude at the same time"

  The groups change all the time, but some of the best FB Gratitude groups include Daily Gratitude, Practicing Gratitude,  GratitudeNow, and Gratitude.selflove.

See  and

  Send your gratitude discoveries to

Awe, Laughter, and Gratitude reinforce each other continually to foster a rich emotional life.


   What we call the Experimental Self was already around 200,000 years ago when Homo Sapiens first appeared on the Savannahs of Africa.  Roaming around the dangerous landscape, hominids had to test everything, to examine every footprint and analyze every sound to see if they signalled the existence of predator or prey.

  Testing every new experience second by second to exact the most meaning out of it is still a good idea today.  The poster child for such a way of living is-- your dog!  As Savithri Patel has pointed out "When you take your dog for a walk, Pooch typically has a much more sensually rich and perceptively insightful experience than you.  She filters through a thousand scents to derive the essence of a hundred stories concerning predators, fellow canines, and leftover meals.  Whereas you probably recycle a few dozen thoughts that also occured yesterday. Despite your pride derived from owning a brain that has many more advanced capabilities than Fido's,  her attention to pulling as much research and mystery out of the present moment means she has a better time on the walk than you."

  Children have this same sense of continual wonder until they reach school age and have it bred out of them.

Unlike the scientist in the laboratory who is intent upon proving a hypothesis, effecting a cure, or improving an invention, the kind of Experimentation we're discussing does not have a GOAL.  Or rather, it has thousands of mini-goals that occur in the moment, expressed by questions like "what happens if I do THAT?  Why does THIS taste like it does, and what if I change it?  What happens if I say THIS to the next 5 people I meet?"   Seeing every moment as a new exploration was something you did effortlessly as an infant, and there is no reason you can't revive the practice now. But now because of your vaster store of life experiences and knowledge, you will go through things no infant could dream of.

And when on a daily basis you scroll through your mind, asking whether Gratitude, Awe, or Experimentation would be best at fulfilling the desires of each moment, you have a richer life.

For years we have researched hundreds of tools to make this apparent immediately, and some of the best are these:

 The Zooniverse is the world’s largest and most popular platform for people-powered research. This research is made possible by volunteers — more than a million people around the world who come together to assist professional researchers. Our goal is to enable research that would not be possible, or practical, otherwise. Zooniverse research results in new discoveries, datasets useful to the wider research community, and many publications. 

  AI Brainstorm Creator members use Zooniverse to join in valuable research projects at any time, usually for just a few minutes per week.  The goal is to keep the Experimental Self engaged, knowing that it is discovering things no one else every has.   There are many projects that accomplish this; some of our favorites are:

The Atlas Project-- Helping CERN researchers look for signs of massive, long-lived particles produced in the large Hadron Collider in Geneva, which could herald a new era in physics.

                                                                  Forgotten texts  of the Cairo Geniza

Fossil Atmospheres -- Comparing ancient leaves with modern ones to track climate change over millions of years

By comparing photos of fossil Gingko Biloba leaves with today's living ones, participants can help determine the rate of climate change over the past few million years.

                                                                                               Dolphin Chat

New exciting research does show that dolphins could indeed coordinate their actions via acoustic communication, so their phonations do convey at least some meaning and we would like to know what is being communicated and how.

The project’s overall goal is to analyze acoustic (and behavioral) data with the help of citizen scientists. is another organization that sponsors citizen-run research projects.  

  Among our favorites is the Online Memory Training Study, sponsored by the UC Riverside Brain Game Center and the UC Irvine Working Memory and Plasticity Lab.  You can join it at

  Also from Scistarter is  Lookit, from the MIT Early Childhood Cognition Lab. This project invites parents to perform a web-based activity with their child to learn more about how children learn about the world.  What's significant about this is that parents discover new things about their children's cognition while also helping to advance science.

  There are many more programs offered on these websites.  Participating in a few of them fosters an intense curiosity in one's own moment-to-moment experience---  which means you may catch up to your dog in terms of enjoying walks!

A daily practice of asking whether one's selves devoted to Awe, Laughter, Gratitude, and Experimentation are being fulfilled leads to a vastly more robust life experience.


   Normally when we think of Heroism we picture an extraordinary feat of courage that arose out of a particular dangerous circumstance,  like risking one's life to save comrades in battle, or rescuing victims from a burning building.

  But can we benefit from the experience of noble self-sacrifice every day, without waiting for a crisis?  Whenever we want to?  That is one of our goals with AI Brainstorm Creator.  We do this in several ways.

  We sponsor the Hero Awards, found at   You can name a Hero Award after a friend, colleague, spouse, child, or even a pet. Typically you would choose one of the 170 sub-targets underneath the UN's 10 Agenda for Sustainability Goals, found at the bottom of this web page.  Then you tell us who the prize is named after, and what sub-target it represents, by writing to

You can also name a Hero Award after yourself. 

After you create the Award, you can publicize it on social media, and we will do the same.  Then whenever you find someone in the news or in your work who epitomizes the values you wish to celebrate with your prize, you announce their 'win' on your social media sites, and we will also.

  You can use Google Alerts to inform you whenever someone has achieved something spectacular in the niche your Award represents. If Alerts does not provide enough candidates, you can also use programs like Sprout Social, Awario, Talkwalker or Mention.  If you choose to do a monthly Zoom call, Facebook Live, or podcast devoted to your Award and its recipients, we will promote it on our sites and social media pages.

You can also join projects already created by AI Brainstorm Creator:

Afghan Women Rising began in January, 2023, and is devoted to giving a voice to girls and women in Afghanistan who are denied access to secondary school, universities, and most professions.  Participants write, in any language they like, a ghazal or other short traditional Afghan poem celebrating the accomplishments and virtues of women. Literary quality is not as important as passion for the cause.  You submit your work to, and also to  We will translate it into Dari, Pashto, Farsi, and Uzbek and share it with our network in Afghanistan.  Our goal is to reach young Taliban members who are open to changing the government's policies towards women. They have responded with small, but genuine changes, though significant progress will take a long time.

                                                                                                         Keitai   Shoshetsu

Keitai Shosetu are Japanese celllphone novels.   AI Brainstorm Creator invites people to write them (in any language) and submit them to The purpose of this project is to use Keitai to explore topics concerning declining population in Japan and the rest of East Asia. Despite significant efforts by the government, NGOs, and corporations, Japanese continue to have children at a rate far below the replacement rate.  The same is true in China and South Korea.

  The moderators of the project do not take a stand on whether Japanese should or should not have children.  They want to objectively explore all issues related to population, using short novels as the medium. 


  Piplantri is a village in Rajasthan, India, which for several years has served as a model for Sustainability and gender equality.  The village plants 111 trees every time a girl is born. Through the Piplantri Project we are spreading the lessons learned to other areas of South Asia.  To participate write to, and join Linkedin's  India Leadership Network,

                                                                                         City of Joy

   City of Joy is an intentional community in Bukavu, Congo, that helps women who have been severely affected by violence during the country's current civil war to rebuild their lives through education, community building, and skill-based job training.  We are using AI to share what has been learned at City of Joy with similar programs in Africa and around the world.  Write

                                                         GROUP AI THOUGHT EXPERIMENTS

   We call these variously  social mind maps, group brainstorms, or global thought experiments.

  You need at least 2 participants, and preferably 5-10, though it's also useful to go through all the steps by yourself at the beginning.  When you've done these several times with a group, you'll find they not only produce new thinking on every topic, but keep everyone's brain buzzing with possibilities.  They succeed because they combine the best of human and artificial intelligence in the same session, which is something we aim at a lot.  They are valuable for business problems, sustainability issues, personal struggles, philosophical discussions,  and just about any issue for which optimized machine and human intelligence is called for.

  To begin with, choose an issue that the several participants care about.  A good place to start is with one of the 170 targets the U.N. has designated underneath the 17 Agenda for Sustainability Goals.  You can find a list of all 170 at the bottom of this web page.

2. Use to find questions people are asking about the topic; from these derive compelling leading questions to use as social media posts

3.  Use to find what experienced people are actually saying in response to the questions. Sometimes you can invite them to join your mind map.

4. Pose the questions on the AI Brainstorm Creator Linkedin group. Then take the anwers you get there, AND the content you got from and, and enter those as central topics in a social  mind map, and repeat the process.

  If you derived valuable insights from this process, send screenshots of your work from,, and to, and we will publicize your work in our press releases.

                          Discovering and Refining YOUR Unique Selves

  Now that you know how to maximize the powers and fulfillments of 6 basic selves, it's time to explore your own.

  What insight, inspiration, thought construct, or emotion do you embody that no one else has?  That's a good place to start.  It's unlikely that NO ONE shares this self with you; but thanks to social media, you will be able to find kindred spirits in other lands, perhaps places you would never think of searching.

It's good to start with Selves whose entry point is an emotion. You can begin with the Google-Berkeley Art-Emotion chart.  It links well-known emotions with art works, and allows you to find 'hybrid' or hidden emotions that most don't know, by exploring the less-known spaces and interstices between the feelings.  Click on a dot to discover the link between art and emotion.  See

  Another way to do this is to examine the dozens of rare emotions found by people like Dr. Tim Lomas.

 They appear in certain cultures more than others, and have unique names untranslatable into other languages. 

They include:

Tarab (Arabic) – a musically induced state of ecstasy or enchantment

Gigil (Tagalog) – the irresistible urge to pinch or squeeze someone because they are loved or cherished

Wabi-sabi (Japanese) – a “dark, desolate sublimity” centred on transience and imperfection in beauty

Saudade (Portuguese) – a melancholic longing or nostalgia for a person, place or thing that is far away either spatially or in time – a vague, dreaming wistfulness for phenomena that may not even exist

Dadirri (Australian aboriginal) term – a deep, spiritual act of reflective and respectful listening

Orenda (Huron Native American) – the power of the human will to change the world in the face of powerful forces such as fate

As much enjoyment as you can derive from maximizing the potential of the 6 basic Selves, there is a new kind of fulfillment found in meeting the needs of Selves that you and perhaps a handful of others epitomize.  Modern social media provides you with the tools to find and bond with these kindred spirits. 

You can also do online research to find whether the Selves you embody have equivalents going back thousands of years to humans who lived in  Neolithic times.    Of course you can't visit them to inquire directly--- well, actually you can, by visiting some of the least contacted First Nations people on Earth.  These include the Hadza of Tanzania, and the Hamer and Karo tribes from Ethiopia:

UN Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals and Targets

For details on Sustainable Development Goals, targets and associated indicators visit the Inter-agency and Expert Group on SDG Indicators.

Goal 1

End poverty in all its forms everywhere


By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day


By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions


Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable


By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance


By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters


Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions


Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions

Goal 2

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture


By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round


By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons


By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment


By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality


By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed


Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries


Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round


Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility

Goal 3

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages


By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births


By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births


By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases


By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being


Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol


By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents


By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes


Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all


By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination


Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate


Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all


Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States


Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks

Goal 4

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all


By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes


By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education


By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university


By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship


By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations


By 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy


By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development


Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all


By 2020, substantially expand globally the number of scholarships available to developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and African countries, for enrolment in higher education, including vocational training and information and communications technology, technical, engineering and scientific programmes, in developed countries and other developing countries


By 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing States

Goal 5

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls


End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere


Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation


Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation


Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate


Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life


Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences


Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws


Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women


Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels

Goal 6

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all


By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all


By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations


By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally


By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity


By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate


By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes


By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies


Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management

Goal 7

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all


By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services


By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix


By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency


By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology


By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and land-locked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support

Goal 8

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all


Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries


Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors


Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services


Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead


By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value


By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training


Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms


Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment


By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products


Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all


Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries


By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization

Goal 9

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation


Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all


Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries


Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets


By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities


Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending


Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States


Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities


Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020

Goal 10

Reduce inequality within and among countries


By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average


By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status


Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard


Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality


Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations


Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions


Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies


Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements


Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes


By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent

Goal 11

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable


By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums


By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons


By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries


Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage


By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations


By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management


By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities


Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, per-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning


By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels


Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

Goal 12

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns


Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries


By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources


By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses


By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment


By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse


Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle


Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities


By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature


Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production


Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products


Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities

Goal 13

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts


Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries


Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning


Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning


Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible


Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities

Goal 14

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development


By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution


By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans


Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels


By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics


By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information


By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation


By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism


Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries


Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets


Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want

Goal 15

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss


By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements


By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally


By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world


By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development


Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species


Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed


Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products


By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species


By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts


Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems


Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation


Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

Goal 16

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels


Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere


End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children


Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all


By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime


Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms


Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels


Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels


Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance


By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration


Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements


Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime


Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

Goal 17

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development


Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection


Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of ODA/GNI to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries


Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources


Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress


Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries


Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism


Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed


Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology


Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the sustainable development goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation


Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Development Agenda


Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020


Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access


Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence


Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development


Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development


Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the sustainable development goals in all countries, in particular developing countries


Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships


By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts


By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries